Climate Change Adaptation

The national strategy on climate change adaptation named „Climate Change Adaptation Development Plan until 2030“ (hereinafter Development Plan) was adopted by the Government on 2nd March 2017.

The Development Plan was elaborated under a project "Elaboration of Estonia's Draft National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan" agreed between the Ministry of Environment and the Estonian Environmental Research Centre, with support from the European Economic Association Financial Mechanism. Relevant contributions were received from the representatives of relevant ministries, local governments, non-governmental organisations and research institutions.

The main objective of the Development Plan is to increase the readiness and capacity of the state, the regional and local level to adapt to the effects of climate change.


The Development Plan involves eight prioritised sectors:
  1. Health and rescue capability;
  2. Land use and planning, including coastal areas, other areas with a risk of flooding, areas with a risk of landslides, land improvement, towns;
  3. Natural environment, including biodiversity, land ecosystems, freshwater ecosystems and environment, marine ecosystems and environment, ecosystem services;
  4. Bioeconomy, including agriculture, forestry, fishing industry, hunting, tourism, peat production;
  5. Economy, including insurance, banking, employment, entrepreneurship and industry;
  6. Society, awareness and cooperation, including awareness, education and science, international relations and cooperation;
  7. Infrastructure and buildings, including transport and infrastructure of transport, technical support systems, buildings;
  8. Energy and security of supply, including energy independence, security, resources, efficiency, and heat and electricity production.


Achievement of the goals of the Development Plan is supported by a respective implementation plan. It is to be implemented in cooperation with other relevant ministries and authorities.

Experts and scientists working groups from the University of Tartu, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Stockholm Environment Institute Tallinn Centre, Estonian Fund for Nature, Baltic Environment Forum, Estonian Academy of Security Sciences, Estonian Environmental Research Centre and others described the most important issues pertaining to the field of climate change adaptation and analysed the impact of climate change and potential adaptation measures in eight prioritised sectors in the short term (up to 2030) and the long term (up to 2050 and 2100) perspectives based on Estonia’s future climate scenarios (up to 2100) prepared by the Republic of Estonia Environment Agency.

The Development Plan’s baseline studies are as follows:
  • Climate change adaptation strategy and measures for thematic fields of natural environment and bioeconomy (BIOCLIM)
  • Estonian Climate Adaptation Strategy for Infrastructure and Energy (ENFRA)
  • Assessment of climate change impacts elaboration of adaptations measures: planning, land use, health and rescue management (KATI)
  • Climate change impact assessment and elaboration of suitable adaptation measures in the fields of the economy and society (RAKE)


Last updated: 22 March 2018

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