Increasing scarceness of natural resources, aggravating poverty and decrease in national competitiveness are the problems which must be solved by joint efforts made through active cooperation between all the countries in the world.
There was established the High-level Political Forum on sustainable development for the purpose of giving sustainable development more political visibility, supporting smoother management and evaluating the progress made towards achievement of new goals.
The UN Environmental Programme was enhanced, in order to connect environmental topics more closely to other areas and develop connections between science and policy.
By the end of 2015, Member States decided to agree on new global Sustainable Development Goals creating interlinkages between sustainable development, activities related to reducing poverty and green economy taking into account the former Millennium Development Goals. To this end, a comprehensive funding strategy shall be prepared.
The UN Information Platform on Sustainable Development facilitates coordination and information exchange between global activities related to sustainable development and gives up-to-date overview of global developments in this regard.
UN Environmental Programme coordinates the topics of sustainable consumption and production and has a leading role in spreading environmental information. Through the UNEP Live Portal, countries can share and compare important environmental information.
Former global landmarks
2) The Johannesburg Plan of Implementation established deadlines for actions, whereof the most important ones are as follows:
by 2005, implementation of national strategies for sustainable development;
by 2010, halting the loss of biodiversity;
by 2015, 50% less households that are not connected to sewer system;
by 2015, safe and balanced use of fish stocks;
by 2020, schemes for safe handling of chemicals;
framework for sustainable consumption and production;
ratification of the Kyoto Protocol.
During the period of 1992-2011, global activities related to sustainable development were managed by the United Nations (UN) Commission for Sustainable Development. At the Commission’s annual sessions, political guidelines were established for the activities related to sustainable development at global, regional and national level.