Legislation which regulates handling of waste tyres:
- Waste Act (definition of producer and product of concern, general obligations for producer);
- Regulation of Government No. 80, 17.07.2010 (requirements for take back and collection of waste tyres);
- Regulation of Government No. 135, 23.07.2009 (Register of Product of Concern and registration of producers);
- Regulation of Minister of Environment No. 12, 16.02.2011 (registration and reporting format for Register of Products of Concern);
- Regulation of Minister of Environment No. 57, 22.07.2013 (information to the users and public information campaigns).
Tyre is a tyre of any motor vehicle and trailer which participate in road traffic.
Producer of tyre is a person who regardless of the method of sale manufactures tyres or imports them into Estonia on the professional basis.
Producer is not a person who finances under or pursuant to any finance agreement unless person also acts as a producer.
Product of concern is a product the waste resulting from which causes or may cause health or environmental hazards, environmental nuisances or excessive pollution of environment.
Products of concern are batteries and accumulators, motor vehicles and their parts, tyres, electrical and electronical equipments (EEE) and their parts and agricultural plastic.
Place on the market: product is placed on the Estonian market if that product is made available for the first time for the purpose of distribution or putting it into service (made available for the third parties). Putting it into service means an activity which involves the use of product for the first time for its intended purpose. If product is brought for example from China or USA then the product is placed on the market after that when all procedures related with Customs are done (filled declarations etc.) and it is possible to start to sell or use it. If product is just in bonded warehouse then that product is not placed on the market yet.
Collection of waste tyres
By Waste Act producer is required to ensure the collection, recycling, recovery or disposal of waste resulting from products of concern placed to the market and shall have a sufficient financial guarantee for these obligations.
Guarantee can be:
1) participation in collective schemes,
2) recycling insurance or
3) closed bank account.
Producer must bear all costs of collection and treatment of waste tyres.
Producers have also obligation to collect and treat all waste tyres irrespective when these tyres were placed on the market.
The producer must build collection points for accepting waste tyres in each county in Estonia, considering the population density and the requirement that handover of the waste tyres be as convenient as possible. There have to be collection points in every city, town and small town at least with 1500 inhabitants.
- Requirements and Procedure for Collection, Return to Producers and Recovery or Disposal of Waste Tyres
- Regulation of Government No 135, 23.07.2009 (in Estonian)
- Waste Act (in English)
- Regulation of Minister of Environment No 12, 16.02.2011 (in Estonian)
- Regulation of Minister of Environment No. 57, 22.07.2013 (in Estonian)
- Links of Estonian legislation regarding to waste management (in Estonian)
- Producer responsibility and products of concern (in Estonian) »
Producer has requirement to register in Register of Product of Concern and introduce data about amounts of products of concern placed on the market and amounts of waste generated from products of concern collected and treated. Requirement to register entered into force on 13 February 2006. With the Register of Product of Concern must register all producers who place on the market EEE, motor vehicles and (their) spare parts, tyres, batteries and accumulators and/or agricultural plastic.
There is 2 ways to submit application:
1) through Internet or
2) digitally signed file via e-mail (possible only for persons having Estonian ID-card).
There is no fee for registration and any other annual fee.
For registration producer must besides introducing data what kind of brands (s)he represents give affirmation about financial guarantee, description of public information campaigns (for users of tyres) and waste management plan in which (s)he describes how (s)he collects tyres and onward handles waste. Producer must also report amounts how much tyres (s)he manufactures, imports and/or place on the Estonian market. Data needs to be introduced quarterly. Producer also has to introduce every year waste report (it has to be introduced quarterly).
In Register can only register those producers who have registered in Estonian Central Commercial Register. When producer are located permanently outside Estonia, (s)he cannot register directly in Register. Such producer has 3 options:
1) make branch office or subsidiary in Estonia or
2) appoint authorised representative.
Such solution solves the problem where we have to guarantee to foreign producers (distant sellers) possibility to register and in the same time it forecloses necessity in case of infringement to turn to Court of that state where that producer is located. If producer from outside Estonia (for example in Germany) do not fulfill some of his/her obligations (proportionally with his/her market share) then that Estonian producer who has some claims (for example financial) does not need to go to the Court of other Member State where that producer is located. And other reason is that our enforcement authorities can not supervise these producers who have responsibilities in Estonia, but they are located in other location outside Estonia.
All the data in Register are public according to Public Information Act. It means data are attainable with restrictions for everyone in form of request for information. For example, it is not possible to get an information about market shares, financial guarantees or contracts and any other information containing commercial secret. Public are general data about amounts placed on the market and waste handling (summary of all data reported by all producers), description of information campaigns and waste management plans (except parts which contain commercial secret).
In Estonia, there is no Clearing House System. Producers have to divide the costs themselves and communicate with each other. For example if someone has collected more waste tyres than (s)he placed to the market then it means that someone collected less than his/her market share is. And that producer who collected more presents a bill for payment to that one that collected less. If they do not get an agreement then the Court solves the problem.
Requirements for treatment facilities and collection sites
There are general requirements for collection points and treatment facilities.
Requirements for information and public information campaigns
Every producer has to ensure together with retailers that in every selling point are available information where are located nearest collection points for waste tyres. Producers are obliged to organise at least once a year a public information campaign using two different channels among four channels allowed - TV, radio, county news papers or outdoor advertising. Duration of campaign depends on channel used.
You can get information about collective schemes: